COLOR: Heartwood varies from light yellow/orange to reddish brown or
yellowish brown; sapwood is light tan to yellowish white.
GRAIN: Closed, with high figuring; patterns range from clear to knotty.
VARIATIONS WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: Longleaf pine (P. palustris),
shortleaf pine (P. echinata), loblolly pine (P. taeda), slash pine (P. elliottii). All
have many of the same characteristics as Douglas fir. Old-growth lumber in these varieties
has substantially higher density
and is more stable than second-growth material.
HARDNESS (JANKA): Loblolly and shortleaf
690, 47% softer than Northern red oak; longleaf 870, 33% softer than N. red oak.
DIMENSIONAL STABILITY: Above average (change coefficient .00265; 28% more
stable than red oak).
DURABILITY: Soft, fairly durable, although not as resistant to scuffs,
dents and abrasions as the hardwoods. Often used for flooring, but may not be suitable for
all applications due to its softness.
SAWING/MACHINING: Good machining qualities.
SANDING: Resin in wood tends to clogs abrasives; frequent sandpaper
changes are required.
NAILING: Good holding ability and resistance to splitting.
FINISHING: A durable finish can help minimize wear.
manufactured for flooring
with no end-match; sometimes flooring is "distressed" to create an antique look.
(relative to plainsawn select red oak)
Commodity item, available as unfinished strip and
plank flooring in a variety of widths and thicknesses through specialty wood flooring
dealers and some lumberyards.